20th Fighter Wing History

20thFIGHTER GROUP STATISTICS

Group Lineage

Authorized as 20th Balloon Group 18 Oct 1927
Redesignated 20th Pursuit Group 30 Jun 1929
Activated 15 Nov 1930
Redesignated 20th Pursuit Group (Fighter) 6 Dec 1939
Redesignated 20th Pursuit Group (Interceptor) 12 Mar 1941
Redesignated 20th Fighter Group 15 May 1942
Redesignated 20th Pursuit Group (Twin Engine) 30 Dec 1942
Inactivated 18 Oct 1945
Activated 29 Jul 1946
Assigned to 20th Fighter Wing 15 Aug 1947
Redesignated 20th Fighter Bomber Group 20 Jan 1950
Inactivated 8 Feb 1955
Redesignated 20th Tactical Fighter Group 31 Jul 1985
Redesignated 20th Operations Group 1 Mar 1992
Activated 31 Mar 1992
Inactivated 1 Jan 1994
Activated 1 Jan 1994

Group Components

24th Pursuit Squadron *15 Nov 1930 16 Jun 1932
55th Pursuit Squadron (Fighter, Fighter-Bomber, Tactical Fighter, Fighter) Attached 15 Nov 1930 15 Jun 1932
Assigned 15 Jun 1932 18 Oct 1945
29 Jul 1946 8 Feb 1955
31 Mar 1992 30 Dec 1993
1 Jan 1994
77th Pursuit Squadron (Fighter, Fighter-Bomber, Tactical Fighter, Fighter) 15 Nov 1930 18 Oct 1945
29 Jul 1946 8 Feb 1955
31 Mar 1992 30 Sep 1993
1 Jan 1994
78th Pursuit Squadron (Fighter) *1 Apr 1931 15 Jun 1932
1 Jan 1994 30 Jun 2003
79th Pursuit Squadron (Fighter, Fighter-Bomber, Tactical Fighter, Fighter) 1 Apr 1933 18 Oct 1945
29 Jul 1946 8 Feb 1955
31 Mar 1992 30 Jun 1993
1 Jan 1994
87th Pursuit Squadron * 1 Mar 1935 1 Sep 1936
*These squadrons assigned but never operationally active under group control during this period

Group Station Listing

Mather Field, California 15 Nov 1930 11 Oct 1932
Barksdale Field, Louisiana 31 Oct 1932 15 Nov 1939
Moffett Field, California 19 Nov 1939 9 Sep 1940
Hamilton Field, California 9 Sep 1940 c. Feb 1942
Wilmington, North Carolina 2 Feb 1942 18 Apr 1942
Morris Field, North Carolina 18 Apr 1942 7 Aug 1942
Drew Field, Florida 7 Aug 1942 30 Sep 1942
Paine Field, Washington 30 Sep 1942 1 Jan 1943
March Field, California 2 Jan 1943 11 Aug 1943
Kings Cliffe, England 26 Aug 1943 11 Oct 1945
Camp Kilmer, New Jersey 16 Oct 1945 18 Oct 1945
Biggs Field, Texas 29 Jul 1946 19 Oct 1946
Shaw Field (later AFB), South Carolina 20 Oct 1946 19 Nov 1951
Langley AFB, Virginia 19 Nov 1951 22 May 1952
RAF Wethersfield, England 1 Jun 1952 8 Feb 1955
RAF Upper Heyford, England 31 Mar 1992 1 Jan 1994
Shaw AFB, South Carolina 1 Jan 1994

Group Aircraft History

BOEING P-12, B, E Nov 1930 Oct 1935
DH-4 1931 1931
BOEING P-26A PEASHOOTER Oct 1934 Sep 1938
CURTIS P-36A MOHAWK Sep 1938 Sep 1940
CURTIS P-40, C, E WARHAWK Sep 1940 Feb 1942
BELL P-39D AIRACOBRA Feb 1942 Jan 1943
REPUBLIC P-43A LANCER ~Feb 1942 ~Sep 1942
LOCKHEED P-38F, H, J LIGHTNING Jan 1943 Jul 1944
NORTH AMERICAN P-51B, C, D, K MUSTANG Jul 1944 Oct 1945
NORTH AMERICAN P-51D, K MUSTANG Jul 1946 Aug 1947
REPUBLIC P-84B (F-84B, D, F, G) THUNDERJET, THUNDERSTREAK 1948 1952
NO AIRCRAFT 1953 1955
GENERAL DYNAMICS F-111E AARDVARK 1992 1993
GRUMMAN EF-111A RAVEN 1992 1992
FAIRCHILD REPUBLIC A/OA-10 THUNDERBOLT II 1994 1996
GENERAL DYNAMICS F-16C, D, E, F FALCON 1994

Group & Bestowed* History and Battle Honors

American Theatre WDGO 85 1945
Air offensive, Europe WDGO 102 1945
Normandy WDGO 103 1945
Northern France WDGO 114 1945
Ardennes Alsace WDGO 114 & 24 1945
Central Europe WDGO 116 1945
Rhineland WDGO 118 1945
Group Distinguished Unit Citation For Action Over Central Germany 8 April 1944 WDGO 34 1945
*History and honors of the 20th Group were temporarily bestowed on the 20thWing, Nov 1954, consequent to the Air Force's adoption of a wing base plan which established wings (vice groups) as the primary combat element of operational organizations. The bestowal has remained in effect ever since.

20thPursuit Group accomplishments during World War II

20th Aircraft Employed P-38 P-51 Total
Enemy Aircraft Destroyed Air 89 122 211
Enemy Aircraft Destroyed Gnd 31 201 232
Enemy Aircraft Damaged Air 42 39 81
Enemy Aircraft Damaged Gnd 26 107 133
Enemy Aircraft Probables 6 5 11
Aircraft Dispatched 6,847 9,015 15,862
Flying Hours 27,177 43,935 69,112
Rounds Expended 405,910 581,708 987,618
Bombs Expended (lbs) 600,180 83,500 683,680

Individual Awards

Individual Awards HQ* 55th 77th 79th
Distinguished Service Cross 3
Silver Star 14
Distinguished Flying Cross 15 79 94 78
Air Medal 62 584 564 558
Purple Heart 2 4 15 13
Croix De Guerre 2
Legion of Merit 1
Soldiers Medal 6 5 1
Bronze Star 16 11 15 15
Certificate Of Merit 4
*Also includes decorations to subordinate group units.

20th Group Commanders

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Major Clarence L Tinker
5 Nov 1930 - 13 Oct 1932
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Captain Thomas Boland
4 Oct 1932 - 30 Oct 1932
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Major Millard P Harmon
1 Oct 1932 - 6 Oct 1936
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Major Armin F Herold
Oct 1936 - 13 Sep 1937
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Lt Colonel Ross G Hoyt
4 Sep 1937 - 15 Jan 1941
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Lt Colonel Ira C Eaker
6 Jan 1941 - 9 Sep 1941
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Major Jesse Auton
Sep 1941 - 6 Jan 1942
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Major Homer A Boushey, Jr
Jan 1942 - 8 Mar 1942
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Lt Colonel Edward W Anderson
Mar 1942 - 20 Aug 1942
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Colonel Jesse Auton
1 Aug 1942 - 15 Jan 1943
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Colonel Barton H Russell
6 Jan 1943 - 1 Mar 1944
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Lt Colonel Mark E Hubbard
Mar 1944 - 18 Mar 1944
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Major Herbert E Johnson, Jr
9 Mar 1944 - 20 Mar 1944
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Lt Colonel Harold J Rau
0 Mar 1944 - 24 Jun 1944
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Lt Colonel Cy Wilson
5 Jun 1944 - 26 Aug 1944
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Colonel Harold J Rau
7 Aug 1944 - 17 Dec 1944
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Colonel Robert P Montgomery
8 Dec 1944 - 2 Oct 1945
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Major Jack C Price
Oct 1945 - 17 Oct 1945
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Colonel Joseph L Laughlin
9 Jul 1946 - 23 Feb 1947
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Colonel Archie J Knight
4 Feb 1947 - 20 Jul 1947
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Colonel William J Cummings, Jr
1 Jul 1947 - 1 Aug 1948
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Colonel George R Bickell
Aug 1948 - 3 Oct 1949
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Colonel John A Dunning
Oct 1949 - 26 Jun 1950
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Lt Colonel Dean Davenport
6 Jun 1950 - c. Mar 1951
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Lt Colonel Jack R Brown
2 Oct 1951 - 28 Apr 1952
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Colonel William D Ritchie
9 Apr 1952 - 7 Feb 1955
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Colonel Richard H Meeboer
1 Mar 1992 - 1 Jan 1994
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Colonel Kees W Rietsema
Jan 1994 - 19 Aug 1994
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Colonel Robert M Hylton
9 Aug 1994 - 9 Nov 1995
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Colonel William H Camp
Nov 1995 - 9 Jul 1996
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Colonel James M Corrigan
Jul 1996 - 17 Dec 1997
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Colonel James A Whitmore
7 Dec 1997 - 1 Jul 1999
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Colonel Michael V Ely
July 1999 - 24 Aug 2001
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Colonel Noel T Jones
4 Aug 2001 - 23 Jan 2003
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Colonel Robert J Beletic
3 Jan 2003 - 27 May 2004
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Colonel Joel E Malone
4 May 2004 - 29 Mar 2006
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Colonel John C. Colombo
7 Apr 2006 - 6 Jun 2008
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Colonel David G. Van der Veer
6 Jun 2008 - ___________